On the classical mantelpiece and his congregation with a closed firebox construction principles of classical fireplace, inscribed into the interior of the house, namely the fireplace with open fires remain unchanged for hundreds of years, and the same, there are mistakes, which sometimes make even experienced potters. Because the fireplace – not an ordinary product, which, to put it either, everywhere will be in place. Fireplace – one individual. But its effectiveness depends largely on the characteristics of room in which it is located. And since every living room also has its own individual characteristics, to properly combine them.
How is the idle fireplace? Like any other engineering design, has a fireplace some reference point. This is the simplest version of demonstrating the principle of system construction. Finalization of the simplest design possible to utilize a more economical energy otaplivaya her room. Other improvements made fire safe. But the foundation of all models is one. Having decided to install a fireplace, do not look at what it will be the main heating elements of the room. Of course, a fireplace – a type of furnace.
But the oven closed furnace, it heats the room with all his "body", which is heated during firing. The fireplace is a large open hole and the firing line the chimney. Heat during firing quickly goes through these two holes, no time to warm up the design itself. Only heated wall of the fire, but it certainly is not enough. The main fireplace, heat is transferred by radiation from the burning fuel.
There is nothing like his palaces, parks, fountains, sculptures and ponds. Versailles is only at the Sun King. And he is lord of Hardouin-Mansart. The royal architect, this time brilliantly coped with the task – To build beautiful, safe, fast. For the past ten years, from 1678, Hardouin-Mansart directs the work at Versailles. He rebuilt and enlarged the royal palace, built more for the current monarch's father – Louis XIII … The story itself Hardouin-Mansart called to embody in the architecture of flowering unlimited power of French kings. He knew he could.
No wonder that he was a descendant and disciple of the Francois Mansart – a very respected man, a prominent architect. The whole of France the first half of XVII century, knew of his work in the strict and seasoned classical style … Both the French – and the uncle and nephew – a lot of attention paid not only to building facades, and roof. Her role in their creations was so great that the name of the French architects has given birth to a new term – "Loft". Pleasures of the mansard life today is already a spent XX century. Today, under the name "attic" means the attic space under the cool the broken roof.
Which, as mentioned in the encyclopedia, "is used both for housing and for economic purposes." And even if the original attic of the house was not provided, it can build on, increasing the useful area of the building. Live in the attic has always been very romantic. Not for nothing are so loved by artists and poets. Loft, like a true Parisian, generously gives its residents an atmosphere of extraordinary comfort and the possibility of seclusion, much valued and a hundred years ago and now. "Well, then in Paris," – says a skeptical reader. And did you know that we have a few years ago adopted a program adjustment five-story building (or, simply, "Khrushchev"), which, among other improvements and enhancements of living space, includes the add-attic? Moreover, this program is even slowly comes to life in some suburban towns. And many affluent citizens are not averse to acquire attics wooden windows. So the question of the proper device, as you see, do not idle.