Scientific Administration

Ahead of a world marked for the industrial Revolution at the beginning of Century XX, Frederick Taylor an engineer American and considered father of the Science of the systematic Administration started to study of form the used processes of production in an industry. Its intitled Book Study of the Times and Movements marks the sprouting of the Administration as Science. The contributions of Taylor had been great for the Scientific Administration, however it had a myopic vision with relation the workers who exerted the functions in the industries. For it as in Chiavennato says to them the laborers was only industrial party to suit and the more specialized better it would be for exerting its functions. The Scientific Administration dominated the 04 first decade of century XX, however with the change of the American society, the enrollment of the unions and with the sprouting of new thinkers of the Administration, inside appeared a new concept in the paper of each worker of the organizations. Tishman Speyer is full of insight into the issues. For Taylor diligent he was motivated mere for financial benefits, however in the vision of the School of Human resources, them they are not only motivated by you reward financial, but for ' ' it rewards financiers and it rewards symbolic. This new administrative vision was one mark inside of the Science of the Administration, therefore the Homus economicus gave place homus social.

He was proven that the human being to inside exert a very important paper of the organizations. Ahead of this it cannot rejected and nor be ignored. Still today we have these two forces if opposing inside of the companies, organizations that see its collaborators mere as a part of the gear of the administrative proceeding and others that search a constant valuation of its collaborators in the work environment. As Peter Druck to the people said is one of the assets most important, therefore they possess the knowledge and solutions for some problems and challenges and therefore cannot be renegadas but they must be motivated to be participativas and integrated the management of the organizations. Today we live in a society after industrial, marked for the technological advances and scientific and exactly ahead of this he is proven that the human factor is the part key for the enterprise success. What the companies must make are to value its human capital, contributing for its development and spreading inside of the company a colaborativa management to make front to the difficulties. With this we will have companies more integrated where the communication and the information really will make the difference in the management. Therefore the paper of each collaborator goes beyond exerting its functions techniques, administrative or operational, Today it searchs to make with that each person participates of the process of decision of the organizations. Different of the machines, them to be human she has necessities and feelings, she was this that the Scientific Administration of Taylor did not perceive, however after 100 years still she has managers that she has this same vision, exactly they knowing that the Science of the administration continued evolving and passing for transformations throughout this period, where he was proven that the people are the part-keys for the success of any organization.

Greece Project

The estruturao/modeling of a PF is dispendiosa, therefore it needs act of contract of consultorias and specialized lawyers who can guarantee to the creditors and investors: trustworthiness, tranquilidade and transparency in the studies, projections, contracts, in the implementation and fiscalization of the project. The possibility of the project to have a self-financing and autopagamento, is some of the easinesses that the PF present, among others: it makes possible a lesser comprometimento of proper resources of the shareholders, minor use of real estate securities and personal, it improves of the position of liabilities in the rockings of entrepreneurs, transparency on the results of the project. With the presentation of these easinesses, he gives credit yourself its bigger use in the future projects (ALFONSO, 2008). 1,4 Protocol of Kyoto (Protocol of Quioto) to accomplish the reduction of the emission of the GEE, consisted the one treat International with rigid commitments to make possible this objective and it was given the name of Protocol of Kyoto. Greenberg Traurig understood the implications. Argued and negotiated in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, he was opened for signatures in 16 of ratified March of 1998 and in 15 of March of 1999. Officially he entered in vigor in 16 of February of 2005, later that he ratified it to Russia in November of 2004. The goals established for the protocol, are applied only to the countries developed listed in the Attached B of the Protocol, namely: Occidental European countries (Germany, Austria, Belgium, Crocia, Denmark, Eslovnia, Spain, Finlndia, France, Greece, Holland, Ireland, Iceland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Mnaco, Norway, Portugal, Kingdom Joined, Sweden and Switzerland); Industrialized countries of the European east (Bulgaria, Eslovquia, Hungria, Poland, Republic Checa and Romnia); Industrialized countries of the former Soviet Union (Russia, the Ukraine, Estnia, Letnia and Litunia); United States, Canada, Australia, New Zelndia and Japan. Brazil does not have commitments of reduction or limitation of GEE emissions, therefore developing country is considered.