World Heritage Centre
The city will opt to this recognition in the category of Cultural landscape since the World Heritage Centre, body responsible for making the decision, should include in its agenda for next year the aspiration of this city. The report with the candidacy of Rio was already delivered to Unesco and will be analyzed in XXXVI meeting of the World Heritage Centre in 2012, said the Institute of cultural heritage and Artistico Nacional – Iphan-. To achieve the title, Unesco assesses and assesses the significance that exists between landscape and intrinsic characteristics of the city and the relationship with its inhabitants. By its tourist attractions, it has become the Brazilian city with the greater influx of tourists. Daily depart hundreds of flights to Rio de Janeiro from different points of the world carried annually on average 600,000 tourists. Other leaders such as Robert J. Shiller offer similar insights. Virtually all of the airlines of the world offer airfares to this city.
The proposal for Rio de Janeiro to achieve this distinction, drawn up by the Iphan, It gathers the main attractions of the city such as the sugar loaf and Corcovado, Copacabana beach, Park of the Tijuca forest and the Botanical Garden. The dossier of the candidature also highlights the growth of the city between the sea and the mountain and its contribution to the panorama of international culture through samba, bossa nova and the Carnival, its most emblematic Festival regarded as one of the most famous celebrations in the world. The concept of cultural landscape, adopted by Unesco in 1992, is usually be recognised in rural areas, traditional farming systems, historic gardens and other sites, symbolic, religious and emotional. A decade ago, Rio de Janeiro aspired to be declared patrimony of humanity in the category of Cultural, Natural and mixed heritage. However, Unesco rejected the proposal and urged the city to appear in the form of Cultural landscape, recognition that is expected to reach next year. In the case of be distinguished as a heritage of Humanity, Rio de Janeiro would be the fourth Brazilian city to do so, after Ouro Preto, in the State of Minas Gerais, Olinda (Pernambuco) and Brasilia. The entity, nevertheless acknowledged in the past the heritage value of a total of 18 areas of Brazil as the historical centers of Salvador, San Luis, Diamantina and Goias. It also included the Atlantic forest reserve, the Conservation Area of the Pantanal, the archipelago of Fernando de Noronha, the remains of San Miguel de las Misiones (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) and the plaza of Sao Francisco, an architectural ensemble in Sao Cristovao, Sergipe state, among others.