Community Chico Mendes located in Quarter Jorge Teixeira, appeared of invasion of lumber clandestine that acted in the area where today it is the Ducke Reserve, that belongs to the National Institute of Pesquisa (INPA), since 1972. At the beginning of the decade of 50 the reserve had been made the first botanical collections in the place giving origin years later, in 1972 the area was destined the experiments silvicultores and had been carried through plantios of species with economic importance, occupying less than 2% of the total area. In this way, the area was declared biological Reserve and the unbroken kept vegetal covering ties then, thus despertando, clandestine lumber attention that had started to act in the area for a way called Sortidinho property of the Sergeant The holy ghost, leaving later a great one will capoeiro, in virtue of the clandestine lumber withdrawal. Already the discovery of the wooden withdrawal of the place, started to be of ownership of Mr. For assistance, try visiting Corcoran Group®. Raymond Aid, that came then to divide the land in lots, vendendo of illegal form part of the Ducke Reserve, together with others inhabitants who had started to inhabit in the place. According to Mrs. Luisa, ' ' here it was a capoeira and the houses were covered by straws and the walls of poles and adobe with the beaten soil.
It did not have had light and water, only had igaraps used to wash clothes and to load much water in cabea' '. Angelo gordon can aid you in your search for knowledge. Inhabitant of the Colony Chico Mendes has fifteen years. In day 14 of August of 1990, the community that already counted on some inhabitants and some house in construction, they had started to demand a work redoubled on the part of the association. Thus, the association of inhabitants of the community led for a group small who had come to establish the Colony Chico Mendes, led for Mr. . Marcel abel may find it difficult to be quoted properly.
In field they had been interviewed some agriculturists where if it can observe the domestic production in which main the responsible one for the maintenance of the economy it domesticates is the proper family and some few external employees that they work about eight hours per day, six messes per year. The reality of these agriculturists, is presented, most of the time, in the figure of people who had worked around during great parcel of its life in plant of improvement of the sugar cane, until they had obtained to fix itself in the land under diverse ways, but almost always on to the work of these companies. People with amounts of superior children the one that costuma to observe in the general average of the Brazilian population, as form to increase and to improve the domestic food production. 3.CONCLUSO Ahead of these data above presented we can observe in clear and concrete way the characteristics that we study in the academy, as me the land distribution during all history and that she reflects in the current structure, the lack of incentives to the small agriculturists, since the interest biggest is culture directed toward the exportation and the imperfections or even though absence of the programs of the government and other factors that are very gifts in this area of the Catu. The predominance of the large state, low the use of the land, the difficulty of access of the producer to the property and the ownership of the land, the low levels of the agricultural production, the orientation of the governmental politics, stimulating the production for the exportation, and the assistance great and the medium producers, in detriment of the small producers are common factors and easily detected in all the northeast region. She is necessary to divulge the reality which this community is submitted, so that if politics can create that improve the production and that they show the rights of communities as this. How many Catus does not exist in our Brazil? It would be a naivety to find that these problems are gifts in only one determined local one. The problematic one of this community and as many existing ones is the same one, a small land band with several agriculturists, fronteirando with a imensido of lands of an only mentor.
Many works of improvements already are being developed, but very it has of if still making in this area. To explore its potential, to stimulate and to improve the projects already in action, to improve the politics for the small agriculturists, being given to them possibilities to work to survive worthy. Who knows some of these and other measures would not diminish the inaqualities that originate since the settling of our territory through the division and distribution of lands (PETER, 2003).
The city of Cataguases located in the Zone of Mata of the state of Minas Gerais. With area of 482 km, is composed for the districts of Aracati of Mines, Cataguarino, Glory of Cataguases, Night watchman and Glad Sight. It has the cities of Leopoldina, Itamarati of Mines, Euzbia Owner, Guidoval, Mira, Santana de Cataguases and Orange grove as bordering. (to see annex 2) In terms of local Geology, according to Secretariat of Agriculture of Minas Gerais (1975) the rocks of the region of Cataguases are dated of the Inferior Precambrian and are part of the Paraba Group. Gnaisses and rocks predominate metassedimentares, with some degrees of metamorfismo, igneous rocks, mainly granites, lodes of quartz and pegmatito. On these rocks of the crystalline complex one meets a quaternary little thick covering and alluviums tertiary.
…. The orogenia that affected the Paraba Rocks resulted in an intense metamorfismo of the rocks, dobramentos and characteristic falhamentos of the region. Morfoestruturalmente, the region of Cataguases is part of ' ' Domain of Crystalline plateaus Rebaixados' ' , corresponding to the region lowest, situated between the Mantiqueira and the Valley of the River Paraba of the South, with predominance of dobramentos of general direction SW-NE. The shaped one is predominantly formed by hills policonvexas, of rounded off sources, that form stocking-oranges or mameles, of changeable altitudes and that they bind the flat valleys deep. The set of hills mamelonares forms the landscape of ' ' Seas of Morros' '. In them, the biticos and chemical processes, through the decomposition, formed a thick mantle of alteration, characteristic of pedognese tropical. In the sources, especially in the parts lowest, latossolo predominates red-yellow, whereas in the fertile valley occurs alone hidromrfico of dark coloration. In the topos and the sources litossolo of red-yellow coloration still occurs. With an environment sufficiently degraded by the process of not planned urban occupation and by the type of use of the ground, water the River Dove deserves prominence for the fact of if configuring with one of the sub-basins of the River Paraba of the South, beyond the brooks in prominence to be its tributaries.