To properly lay parquet, requires special tools and equipment: grinding and polishing machines, pneumatic tools for shooting and plywood flooring and airless paint, precision circular saws, industrial vacuum cleaners, a variety of metering and meter. Some equipment you will need to purchase required, without some manage to get by. Tool for shooting plywood – equipment that is desirable to have at home. For parquet such a tool is needed. But if you want you can also use ordinary nails, but in this case parketoukladochnye work take away more time and effort. For laying flooring you will need a set of tools: plumb plate, folding rule, square, saw, sharp knife (for precise fitting), hammer, wedges, roofing paper (Polystyrene), glue, pencil, dobivochny crutch (a special tool that is used for laying parquet boards along the walls, instead we can take a crowbar), jigsaw (for cutting parquet boards, etc.), a drill with a cutting attachment (for Cut round holes for pipes). Also, you can not do without mortgage sleeves (to skip the pipes), the endurance of a high-polymer film thickness of 0.2 mm, the material to align the "rough" sex. For processing laid flooring, especially in large areas, using oil or wax you may need sanding machine.
Also very convenient for household floor polishers. Single disc sanders Single disc sanders machines can effectively be applied as an oil impregnation and paste wax. In addition, these machines can be used to clean and care for waxed or impregnated coatings. For application and impregnation sealant machine equipped with special brushes (padas) of artificial materials with nylon or polyester pile. For different stages (cleaning, deposition, polishing) used brushes of fibers of different diameters and with different pile density. To distinguish them, brushes, according to European standard, painted in different colors. Black and green (crude) go for pre-cleaning surface. To delete a particularly hard caked dirt used as a ring of tangled steel wires, allowing mechanically clean the surface.
Blue and red colors are used for applying mastic and impregnations. Pads beige and white are used for polishing surface. To care for the oil and wax can be purchased polishers. Household floor polishers are compact, they can be kept in private suburban homes, apartments, offices. Polishers designed for areas with heavy loads, have many modifications and their cost is much higher. Particular attention should be given the choice of protective coating. Manufacturers of hardwood materials offer a huge selection of different types of parquet lacquers that give a different structure of the coated surface: matte, semi-matt, glossy. There was widespread infiltration of parquet floors with special essential oils do not form a film on the wood surface. Oil can used alone or in combination with an additional wax coating. Means to care for flooring helps to prolong the life of the flooring. This may be polishing tools, wax mastic liquid oils to care for oiled floors. Parquet varnishes (lacquers to protect the flooring surface) are becoming more common. On the types and choice of varnish to cover the parquet floor, we discuss below. Types of parquet glue There are three types of adhesives: water dispersion, solvent-based, two-component (reactive). Currently, all produced adhesives meet the requirements of ecology. Adhesives, water-based enjoyed increasing success in European countries, in Russia they have not yet been sufficiently disseminated. All water-based adhesives for curing emit water vapor, and therefore harmless, do not possess pungent odor. But for each hardwood floor is not suitable adhesive, water-based. It is known that water detrimental effect on the tree, contributing to wet, warping, and sometimes rotting parquet. Some tree species normally perceive the glue to a water-based. For other preferred any other type of glue. This applies particularly to the parquet floor of certain tree species. Parquet from fruit woods (pear, apple, cherry, etc.), and and beech parquet subject vlagotemperaturnoy considerable strain. And consequently, there are restrictions on the use of water-dispersed compositions. Aqueous adhesives differ in the percentage of water. From him directly depends on the cost: the more water, the lower the price. For example, glue Kilto Standard (Finland) contains 36% water, so the flooring in beech, maple, ash, fruit trees, it is not applicable. Permissible to use this brand of glue for wood flooring from oak. Oak flooring is much more resistant to moisture. But even for him to use the glue with a high content of moisture is undesirable. Such a glue suitable for gluing plywood and glue plywood strip to the base. As part of the adhesive well-known Swedish company bona B-720" 22% water. It is more suitable for bonding parquet to the ground, nevertheless should not be allowed to use this adhesive for bonding parquet beech maple and ash, especially at small thickness of the slats (10 mm). In addition, the ratio of the width of floor plank (of any tree) to its thickness should not exceed 3-3,5. German glue stauf M2A-720" on properties similar to glue a "B-720". There is another variety of aquatic adhesive solution – two adhesives. These solutions are considered the most modern. The action of adhesives based on the use of emulsion adhesive and binding excessive moisture powdered composition. Clay bona H-790 consists of an emulsion or powder. Before use, the components are mixed. Powder binds excess water, leaving only 11%. This adhesive can be used for any type of flooring, without restrictions. Dispersion adhesives dry out completely in about 7 days. In Russia, the aqueous dispersion trains are not a great success: they may freeze during transport, then their properties are somewhat worse. Solvents, adhesives have the widest application. They harden faster dispersion – 5 days, the polishing of parquet is usually possible to start even earlier. In addition, their use in cases where there is no technical the possibility of using dispersion adhesives. For laying parquet best fit the following brands: bona 8-760, stauf WFR-4, uzin MK-73 and MK-97. They are all high quality, about the same kind and price. Quite a long time may be in the open state (15 minutes), which facilitates their use. Due to the high turnover of adhesive laid parquet can be partially tinker even after laying adjacent rows. But keep in mind that all adhesives solvents, fire risks, so work with them to be careful, away from open flames. Naturally, in any case you can not smoke in the room during the use of glue on the well-ventilated place and in tightly closed containers. Two component adhesives are also called reactive because they contain no water, no solvents, and bonding occurs due to chemical reaction, non-shrinking. Such adhesives are a number of advantages over others: they used for bonding parquet to any any reason, they are about three times stronger and freeze for a day so that you can grind on the next day. But there are also disadvantages. First of all, of the adhesives include adverse health component, so when the work is necessary to use personal protective equipment. Once the glue has hardened, it is perfectly safe. Another drawback of reactive adhesives is their high price. Reactive adhesives are typically used where the use of other types of glue inappropriate. For example, when laying a solid board, because of its large size, even in the application of adhesives solvents linear deformation is very high, moreover, requires greater bond strength. In addition, there are parquet, which is already factory-varnished. And in that case you can not use alcohol-based adhesives, the more dispersive. They can cause a dissolution, cracking paint and warped flooring. For reactive adhesives include the following: bona R770, uzin mk 92S, stauf ZK-PU.