Energy Saving in Russia’s Residential Sector
In summer 2008, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev had identified priority areas for modernization of the domestic economy: to reduce by 2020 the energy intensity of Russia's gdp by 40%. Ambitious goal, but the other way reach the level of effectiveness of the industrialized countries today is not there. And the question number 1, which we have to solve: reduction of energy utilities. It is no exaggeration: according to the Center for Energy Efficiency (CENEF), the main potential of the Russian energy today is laid in a communal, rather than in the industrial sector. In particular, the heat consumption of apartment buildings built before 1990, is 3-5 times higher than that Object years building. And it is these houses are the basis of Russia's housing stock. More acute the problem is getting in regions with harsh climates: for example, in the north, Siberia and the Far East.
And it needs to be addressed in a complex, considering the two main complementary aspects of energy saving in residential sector: the quality of building insulation and the efficiency of heating systems. Ways to reduce heat losses are evident for the majority of citizens and professionals and communal services sector. This warming and reconstruction of the facades, roof repair (including replacement with pitched), the installation of energy efficient building envelope (Plastic windows, etc.), as well as the restoration of foundations and insulation of basements. Most of these activities is provided by law 185-FZ, whereby the federal program implemented by major repairs. As for heating systems, today to upgrade their often one-sided approach.